Self Surveillance - The Rising Use Of The In-Car Dashcam
In Russia, the epicentre of dashcam culture, police corruption and insurance fraud scams have led to the installation of over one million dash-mounted cameras in private vehicles. In the 21st century, cameras have become more user-friendly, easily mountable and crucially; inexpensive, with dash mountable cameras available from £200 upwards. The days of pedestrians faking being run over or pre-damaged cars smashing into you for fraudulent insurance claim, are all but a thing of the past in mother Russia. A side effect of such ubiquitous surveillance is the capturing of spectacular events. In 2013 the predominant footage of an exploding meteor came from Russian dashcams. Those of us outside of Russia consume a voyeuristic slew of dashcam web content whilst simultaneously wondering, How useful would this be in my country? The answer, according to the UK public is very A 2015 study conducted by the RAC concluded that:
- Nearly one in eight men (13%) own one, with just 4% of women having bought one.
- 22% of owners are over the age of 50.
- More than half the country's drivers are actually considering buying one.
- Almost a quarter of people believe driving with a camera on board would improve their driving, whether they appreciated the surveillance or not.
- One in five people questioned said they had been involved in an accident where there was a dispute over who was at fault. Of those, 69% believed a dashcam would have helped them solve their case.
We have outlined a few scenarios in which the use of a dashcam could avoid a great deal of emotional and financial distress. Scam Artists
Much of the impetus for dashcams stems from a practice that has occurred worldwide, wherein a motorist becomes the victim of an attempt to extract payment for an engineered collision.
- Fraudster cuts off victim, slams on brakes and claims a rear-end collision
- Very difficult to prove without a visual record
- Dashcam provides ultimate eye witness record
- Red vs Green Debate Many accidents occur just like the one illustrated below.
- Yellow car is distracted or incorrectly times the change of lights from red to green
- Without red light cameras, its very difficult to prove what the lights displayed at the time of collision
- In-car dashboard camera removes all doubt
Chain-Reaction Collisions A very common he-said, she-said situation occurs when more than two cars are involved in a rear end collision
- Yellow and grey car are stationary at the red light
- Distracted driver in blue car collides with the back of the yellow car, pushing it into the grey car
- Without a dash cam, blue cars insurance company only claims liability for the collision into the yellow car, claiming the yellow car collided with the grey car independently
- Yet again, a dashcam would irrefutably counter this claim
Global Variability in the benefits and the hurdles of dashcams
In most countries, it is perfectly legal to install a personal dashboard camera in your car. However, in some countries such as Switzerland and Austria, the expectation of privacy of private citizens has rendered these cameras illegal.
More than simply being legal, in the UK, USA and Australia the perception is that drivers with dashcams reduce liability payouts through a reduction in frivolous and fraudulent claims, and create a safer driving environment.After all, no one knows who has a dashboard camera and who is able to capture their careless driving in the event of a collision. In the UK, The RAC has responded to public demand by providing a £30 insurance discount to motorists who chose to install a dashcam, a measure that 63% of people think should be a feature of all insurance policies.
Many motorists enjoy sharing elements of their journeys online via outlets such as Facebook, Youtube and Snapchat. The reasonable assumption of privacy of private citizens that could be caught on camera leads some countries such as Portugal to allow use of cameras but issue severe fines for the uploading of journeys to social media. In countries such as Austria, personal privacy is the primary reason why dashcams are banned outright.
Even in countries where dashcams are legal, and where footage uploads to social media are permitted, there are many countries in Europe where the admissibility in court is still under review.