Blurred image of people walking in an office hallway, viewed as if through a surveillance camera with timestamp.

In the expanse of the digital era, the ubiquity of smartphones and cameras has raised pivotal concerns about privacy and consent over the last few years. The question, "Can someone video me without my consent?" is often asked during a customer support conversation.

The Concerns Of Being Filmed Without Consent

We love to help our customers and always recommend advice from legal experts knowledgeable in privacy law because the answer is not always clear-cut. As a general rule of thumb, most things can be judged on the division between Personal, Public and Private.

For example, if you own something personal, be that premises, land, or other assets like a caravan, then you are within your right to protect by monitoring with video.  If you do not own, there are really no grounds to be monitoring something that doesn't belong to you - a vehicle for example.

If you own something on public land, then it's accessible to the general public and can be videoed by anyone. And something that is private, for example, private land or private property, you shouldn't even be setting foot on without permission from the owner, let alone taking pictures or videoing.

Other questions we get asked include:

Can I be filmed in a public park?

You can be filmed in a public park as there is generally no expectation of privacy in public spaces.

Is it legal to record someone in a public space without consent?

Again, this is similar to the above question and generally, it is legal to record someone in a public space without consent as there is usually no expectation of privacy in public.

Can businesses record audio and video of customers?

Businesses can generally record videos accompanied by audio of customers in public areas for security and operational purposes but must comply by displaying notices informing customers of the surveillance.

Is it permissible for someone to film me through my window?

Filming someone through their window is often illegal as people have an expectation of privacy in their homes, and such actions could be considered voyeurism or an invasion of their privacy.

Can a person use a drone to film me in my backyard?

Using a drone to film someone in their backyard can be illegal or restricted because it may violate privacy rights. It should be noted that drone usage regulations vary widely by location.

Are there laws against filming someone in a private setting?

Filming someone in a private setting without consent is generally illegal, as it argues the topic of an expectation of privacy.

Can my conversations be recorded in a public place without my knowledge?

In many jurisdictions, you can legally record conversations in public places, which is one of the reasons we encourage the use of a voice recorder, especially for gathering audio evidence.

Is it legal for a neighbour to point a security camera at my property?

It's generally legal for a neighbour to point a security camera at your property if it captures images in plain view. However, it shouldn't be directly pointing at your property in an attempt to look into windows or private areas.

Can I request footage of me being filmed in a public area?

You can request footage, but whether it's granted depends on the organisation's policy. Some areas have laws allowing individuals to access personal data collected about them.

Are there restrictions on using video recordings as evidence in court?

There are restrictions and varying rules on using video recordings as evidence, depending on the jurisdiction, how the footage was obtained, and its relevance and reliability. It must generally be obtained legally and be pertinent to the case.

Understanding the implications of the above questions is vital as it intersects with legal boundaries, ethical considerations, and personal privacy. Let's elaborate a little further.

Legal Boundaries

Legally, the answer is not black and white and depends on the jurisdiction and context. There's often no expectation of privacy in public spaces, and filming is typically permitted. However, laws differ markedly regarding areas where individuals expect privacy, such as in their homes or restrooms. Even in public, specific laws protect against filming intended for harassment or voyeurism.

Ethical Considerations

Ethics adds another layer to the legal framework. Just because something isn't illegal doesn't make it ethically justifiable. Filming someone without their consent can be invasive and disrespectful. From an ethical standpoint, consent is a cornerstone of civil society and respect among its communities.

Privacy Concerns

Privacy is a fundamental human right. It is the individual's right to have a domain free from intrusion. Unconsented video recording can infringe on this right, leading to feelings of vulnerability and exploitation; in an age where digital content can be widely disseminated, the potential for harm increases exponentially.

The Public vs Private Conundrum

The distinction between public and private spaces, for example, being filmed on a crowded street, differs from being recorded in a secluded place. However, the proliferation of surveillance technology and drones has blurred these lines, making it harder to define where privacy begins and ends.

Consent in Filming

The surest way to navigate this issue is by fostering a culture where seeking consent before filming becomes the norm. This practice respects individual privacy and aligns with broader ethical standards.


Filming someone without consent sits at a complex intersection of legal, ethical, and privacy concerns. While laws provide a framework for what is permissible, our collective responsibility is to uphold the rights to privacy and respect. In our interconnected world, it is more important than ever to recognise that the power of the camera comes with the responsibility to use it wisely.

We have written various articles on the law surrounding the appropriate use of spy cameras.  Why not look through previous articles from our blog posts, including UK British Spy Law FAQS